Choosing a Machine
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You want to keep the soup to to calories a serving. So skip the dollops of cream and butter. Want to enjoy chocolate between meals? Pick a square or two of dark over the milky version. When Penn State researchers added pureed cauliflower and zucchini to mac and cheese, people seemed to like the dish just as much. But they ate to fewer calories. Those healthy vegetables added low-cal bulk to the tasty dish. A protein-rich breakfast may help you resist snack attacks throughout the day. The women ate a calorie breakfast that included eggs and a beef sausage patty.
The effect of the high-protein breakfast seemed to last into the evening, when the women munched less on fatty, sugary goods than the women who had cereal for breakfast. For a great snack on the run, take a small handful of almonds, peanuts, walnuts, or pecans. Research shows that when people munch on nuts, they automatically eat less at later meals. Skip the apple juice and the applesauce and opt instead for a crunchy apple. One reason is that raw fruit has more fiber.
A Harvard study followed more than , people for a decade or longer. Yogurt, of all the foods that were tracked, was most closely linked to weight loss. Yes, grapefruit really can help you shed pounds, especially if you are at risk for diabetes. Drinking grapefruit juice had the same results.
But grapefruit juice doesn't have any proven "fat-burning" properties -- it may just have helped people feel full. You cannot have grapefruit or grapefruit juice if you are on certain medications, so check the label on all your prescriptions , or ask your pharmacist or doctor. Load your shopping cart with lots of lean protein, fresh veggies, fruit, and whole grains, says food scientist Joy Dubost, PhD, RD.
The most important thing, when it comes to lasting weight loss, is the big picture of what you eat, not specific foods. The treadmill burns the most calories of any of the cardiovascular machines available at most gyms, says Alexander. You can expect to burn about calories per mile, walking briskly. Stamford notes that a treadmill can be adapted to many different fitness levels by increasing the speed from walking to running or by adjusting the incline.
But even walking may be too much for someone who is overweight and has joint pain. Every time your foot hits the ground, says Alexander, "the impact forces are 3. Since a treadmill is moving under you, the impact may be slightly less than that. One more thing to keep in mind: Treadmills can pose a real balance challenge for new exercisers or those who haven't worked out in a while, says Matthew Vukovich, exercise physiologist and associate professor at South Dakota State University.
These machines pack a little less punch on the joints, and either can be a good alternative to the treadmill, says Vukovich. Because you use them in a standing position, you're using lots of muscle mass, so the calorie burn rate is still pretty high. Elliptical machines with arm components can further increase the numbers of calories you burn, says Stamford.
All our experts agree that the stationary bike offers the workout with the least impact on the joints. People with knee pain are often steered toward these bikes, since the impact of body weight is not a concern as it is on a treadmill, elliptical trainer, or stair stepper.
But to avoid knee strain, you must make sure the bike is adjusted to fit your body, Vukovich says. Most people sit too low, meaning their knees flex too much as they pedal. This can put too much pressure on the knee and result in soreness, warn Vukovich.
The stationary bike is a less intense calorie-burner than some of the other machines. You'll need to pedal four miles to burn calories, says Alexander. Rowers are more advanced cardiovascular machines. Because you must push with the legs while you pull with the arms, rowers require coordination. They also you require you to engage your core abdominal muscles to support and protect your back.
Because they use so many muscle groups, rowers burn lots of calories. But this machine has several red flags for a beginning or unfit exerciser. Extra weight often comes with back pain , and this is not a machine you want to use if you have back issues, he says.
Choose a machine that feels right. If impact is a problem, the stationary bicycle may be a better choice than the treadmill.
More muscle use equals more calorie burn. The basic rule of thumb is that the machine that exercises the greatest muscle mass burns the most calories. There's a flip side of that coin, too: If you're a beginner, using more muscles means getting fatigued sooner -- which will result in burning fewer calories. Try using a pre-programmed workout that includes variations in speed and intensity. Or vary those factors yourself during your workout.