These directors either knew of the risks their managers were taking and blessed them, did not know of them at all, or were advised of them and were unable to rein in the executives in charge. The Sydney Morning Herald. John Fitzgerald Kennedy — Caroline Kennedy m. Sometimes, CEOs make consensual Directors disappear. But what about the directors of companies like Enron, WorldCom, Adelphia Communications, Global Crossing, Waste Management, Tyco International and others who oversaw the implosion of hundreds of billions in market capitalization? Sidhu has excluded directors from important deal deliberations or waits until the last minute to brief them. It is true of any weight-loss program because as you begin to weight less, you burn fewer calories.
A charitable family
Austria Kurt Marnul, who invited him to train at the gym in Graz. I knew I couldn't look at myself in the mirror the next morning if I didn't do it.
The first real movie I saw, that I distinctly remember, was a John Wayne movie. Schwarzenegger's brother, Meinhard, died in a car crash on May 20, Schwarzenegger did not attend his funeral. Schwarzenegger paid for Patrick's education and helped him to move to the U. Later, he and the film's producer said this story was taken from another bodybuilder to show the extremes some would go to for their sport and to make Schwarzenegger's image colder to create controversy for the film.
In an interview with Fortune in , Schwarzenegger told how he suffered what "would now be called child abuse" at the hands of his father: I was hit with belts. So was the kid next door. It was just the way it was. Many of the children I've seen were broken by their parents, which was the German-Austrian mentality.
They didn't want to create an individual. It was all about conforming. I was one who did not conform, and whose will could not be broken. Therefore, I became a rebel. Every time I got hit, and every time someone said, 'You can't do this,' I said, 'This is not going to be for much longer because I'm going to move out of here.
I want to be rich. I want to be somebody. Schwarzenegger served in the Austrian Army in to fulfill the one year of service required at the time of all year-old Austrian males.
He was voted best-built man of Europe, which made him famous. Universe title was my ticket to America—the land of opportunity, where I could become a star and get rich. Universe competition in London. Universe competition, not having the muscle definition of American winner Chester Yorton. Charles "Wag" Bennett, one of the judges at the competition, was impressed with Schwarzenegger and he offered to coach him. As Schwarzenegger had little money, Bennett invited him to stay in his crowded family home above one of his two gyms in Forest Gate, London.
Yorton's leg definition had been judged superior, and Schwarzenegger, under a training program devised by Bennett, concentrated on improving the muscle definition and power in his legs.
Staying in the East End of London helped Schwarzenegger improve his rudimentary grasp of the English language. When you're the age I was then, you're always looking for approval, for love, for attention and also for guidance. At the time, I wasn't really aware of that. But now, looking back, I see that the Bennett family fulfilled all those needs. Especially my need to be the best in the world. To be recognized and to feel unique and special.
They saw that I needed that care and attention and love. Also in , while at Bennett's home, Schwarzenegger had the opportunity to meet childhood idol Reg Park , who became his friend and mentor. Universe at the age of Field , his English coach and friend in Munich at that time, "I'm going to become the greatest actor! Schwarzenegger, who dreamed of moving to the U. From to , one of Schwarzenegger's weight training partners was Ric Drasin , a professional wrestler who designed the original Gold's Gym logo in In , at age 23, he captured his first Mr.
Olympia title in New York, and would go on to win the title a total of seven times. The Education of a Bodybuilder became a huge success. He got his American citizenship in Schwarzenegger said that during this time he encountered a friend who told him he was teaching Transcendental Meditation TM , which prompted Schwarzenegger to reveal he had been struggling with anxiety for the first time in his life: Schwarzenegger is considered among the most important figures in the history of bodybuilding, and his legacy is commemorated in the Arnold Classic annual bodybuilding competition.
He has remained a prominent face in bodybuilding long after his retirement, in part because of his ownership of gyms and fitness magazines. He has presided over numerous contests and awards shows. Shortly after being elected governor, he was appointed the executive editor of both magazines, in a largely symbolic capacity. One of the first competitions he won was the Junior Mr.
Europe contest in Europe the following year, at age His bodybuilding victories included five Mr. Olympia wins, a record which would stand until Lee Haney won his eighth consecutive Mr. Olympia title in Schwarzenegger continues to work out.
When asked about his personal training during the Arnold Classic he said that he was still working out a half an hour with weights every day. During Schwarzenegger's early years in bodybuilding, he also competed in several Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting contests.
Schwarzenegger won two weightlifting contests in and , as well as two powerlifting contests in and Schwarzenegger's goal was to become the greatest bodybuilder in the world, which meant becoming Mr. However, Schwarzenegger came back in and won the competition, making him the youngest ever Mr.
Olympia at the age of 23, a record he still holds to this day. He continued his winning streak in the —74 competitions. After the Mr. Olympia contest, Schwarzenegger announced his retirement from professional bodybuilding. Months before the Mr. Olympia contest, filmmakers George Butler and Robert Fiore persuaded Schwarzenegger to compete, in order to film his training in the bodybuilding documentary called Pumping Iron.
Schwarzenegger had only three months to prepare for the competition, after losing significant weight to appear in the film Stay Hungry with Jeff Bridges. Lou Ferrigno proved not to be a threat, and a lighter-than-usual Schwarzenegger convincingly won the Mr. Schwarzenegger came out of retirement, however, to compete in the Mr. Olympia contest one last time. He kept this plan a secret in the event that a training accident would prevent his entry and cause him to lose face.
Schwarzenegger had been hired to provide color commentary for network television when he announced at the eleventh hour that, while he was there, "Why not compete? Having being declared Mr. Olympia for a seventh time, Schwarzenegger then officially retired from competition. Schwarzenegger has admitted to using performance-enhancing anabolic steroids while they were legal, writing in that "steroids were helpful to me in maintaining muscle size while on a strict diet in preparation for a contest.
I did not use them for muscle growth, but rather for muscle maintenance when cutting up. In , Schwarzenegger sued Dr. Willi Heepe, a German doctor who publicly predicted his early death on the basis of a link between his steroid use and his later heart problems.
Schwarzenegger wanted to move from bodybuilding into acting, finally achieving it when he was chosen to play the role of Hercules in 's Hercules in New York. Credited under the stage name "Arnold Strong", his accent in the film was so thick that his lines were dubbed after production. Schwarzenegger has discussed his early struggles in developing his acting career: You name it, and they told me I had to change it. Basically, everywhere I turned, I was told that I had no chance. Schwarzenegger drew attention and boosted his profile in the bodybuilding film Pumping Iron ,   elements of which were dramatized; in , he purchased the rights to the film, its outtakes, and associated still photography.
Schwarzenegger auditioned for the title role of The Incredible Hulk , but did not win the role because of his height. Later, Lou Ferrigno got the part of Dr. David Banner's alter ego. In , he starred in a biographical film of the s actress Jayne Mansfield as Mansfield's husband, Mickey Hargitay. Schwarzenegger's breakthrough film was the sword-and-sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian in , which was a box-office hit.
In , he made his first appearance as the eponymous character, and what some would say was his acting career's signature role, in James Cameron 's science fiction thriller film The Terminator. During the s, audiences had an appetite for action films, with both Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone becoming international stars. Twins , a comedy with Danny DeVito , also proved successful.
A science fiction script, the film was based on the Philip K. Kindergarten Cop reunited him with director Ivan Reitman , who directed him in Twins. Schwarzenegger had a brief foray into directing, first with a episode of the TV series Tales from the Crypt , entitled " The Switch ",  and then with the telemovie Christmas in Connecticut. Schwarzenegger's commercial peak was his return as the title character in 's Terminator 2: Judgment Day , which was the highest-grossing film of His next film, the comedy drama True Lies , was a popular spy film and saw Schwarzenegger reunited with James Cameron.
That same year, the comedy Junior was released, the last of Schwarzenegger's three collaborations with Ivan Reitman and again co-starring Danny DeVito. This was his final film before taking time to recuperate from a back injury. He returned with the supernatural thriller End of Days , later followed by the action films The 6th Day and Collateral Damage , both of which failed to do well at the box office.
In , he made his third appearance as the title character in Terminator 3: Schwarzenegger reportedly said he was flattered, but thought the money would be better spent on social projects and the Special Olympics. His film appearances after becoming Governor of California included a three-second cameo appearance in The Rundown , and the remake of Around the World in 80 Days.
He had been rumored to be appearing in Terminator Salvation as the original T; he denied his involvement,  but he ultimately did appear briefly via his image being inserted into the movie from stock footage of the first Terminator movie. In January , just weeks after leaving office in California, Schwarzenegger announced that he was reading several new scripts for future films, one of them being the World War II action drama With Wings as Eagles , written by Randall Wallace , based on a true story.
Schwarzenegger inspired the character and co-developed it with Stan Lee , who would have produced the series. Schwarzenegger would have voiced the Governator. On May 20, , Schwarzenegger's entertainment counsel announced that all movie projects currently in development were being halted: He starred in Sabotage , released in March , and appeared in The Expendables 3 , released in August He starred in the fifth Terminator movie Terminator Genisys in  and would reprise his role as Conan the Barbarian in The Legend of Conan ,   later renamed Conan the Conqueror.
The story of the film was supposed to be set 30 years after the first, with some inspiration from Clint Eastwood 's Unforgiven. In August , his filming of action-comedy Why We're Killing Gunther was temporarily interrupted by bank robbers near filming location in Surrey, British Columbia. On February 6, , Amazon Studios announced they were working with Schwarzenegger to develop a new series entitled Outrider in which he will star and executive produce. The western-drama set in the Oklahoma Indian Territory in the late s will follow a deputy portrayed by Schwarzenegger who is tasked with apprehending a legendary outlaw in the wilderness but is forced to partner with a ruthless Federal Marshal to make sure justice is properly served.
The series will also mark as Schwarzenegger's first major scripted TV role. Schwarzenegger will return in a Terminator movie on July 26, It is another cooperation with Cameron, who directed him previously in Terminator, Terminator 2 and True Lies. The film is planned as a direct sequel to Terminator 2 and disregards the storyline established with Terminator 3, Terminator Salvation and Terminator Genisys.
In the show, he used the phrases "you're terminated" and "get to the choppa," which are quotes from some of his famous roles The Terminator and Predator , respectively , when firing the contestants. In March , following repeated criticisms from Trump, Schwarzenegger announced that he would not return for another season on the show.
Schwarzenegger has been a registered Republican for many years. When he was an actor, his political views were always well known as they contrasted with those of many other prominent Hollywood stars, who are generally considered to be a liberal and Democratic -leaning community. At the Republican National Convention , Schwarzenegger gave a speech and explained he was a Republican because the Democrats of the s sounded too much like Austrian socialists.
I finally arrived here in What a special day it was. I remember I arrived here with empty pockets but full of dreams, full of determination, full of desire.
The presidential campaign was in full swing. I remember watching the Nixon — Humphrey presidential race on TV. A friend of mine who spoke German and English translated for me. I heard Humphrey saying things that sounded like socialism, which I had just left. But then I heard Nixon speak. He was talking about free enterprise, getting the government off your back, lowering the taxes and strengthening the military.
Listening to Nixon speak sounded more like a breath of fresh air. I said to my friend, I said, "What party is he? In , Schwarzenegger appeared in " Stop the Madness ", an anti-drug music video sponsored by the Reagan administration.
He first came to wide public notice as a Republican during the presidential election , accompanying then-Vice President George H. Bush at a campaign rally. Schwarzenegger's first political appointment was as chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports , on which he served from to Bush , who dubbed him " Conan the Republican". Between and , Schwarzenegger was a Red Cross ambassador a ceremonial role fulfilled by celebrities , recording several television and radio public service announcements to donate blood.
In an interview with Talk magazine in late , Schwarzenegger was asked if he thought of running for office. He replied, "I think about it many times. The possibility is there because I feel it inside. Why would I go away from that and jump into something else? Arnold Schwarzenegger is a moderate Republican.
Schwarzenegger announced his candidacy in the California recall election for Governor of California on the August 6, , episode of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. His candidacy immediately became national and international news, with media outlets dubbing him the "Governator" referring to The Terminator movies, see above and " The Running Man " the name of another one of his films , and calling the recall election " Total Recall " yet another movie starring Schwarzenegger.
Schwarzenegger declined to participate in several debates with other recall replacement candidates, and appeared in only one debate on September 24, On October 7, , the recall election resulted in Governor Gray Davis being removed from office with Schwarzenegger was elected Governor of California under the second question on the ballot with In total, Schwarzenegger won the election by about 1. Under the regulations of the California Constitution , no runoff election was required. Schwarzenegger was entrenched in what he considered to be his mandate in cleaning up gridlock.
Building on a catchphrase from the sketch " Hans and Franz " from Saturday Night Live which partly parodied his bodybuilding career , Schwarzenegger called the Democratic State politicians " girlie men ". Schwarzenegger's early victories included repealing an unpopular increase in the vehicle registration fee as well as preventing driver's licenses being given out to illegal immigrants, but later he began to feel the backlash when powerful state unions began to oppose his various initiatives.
Key among his reckoning with political realities was a special election he called in November , in which four ballot measures he sponsored were defeated. Schwarzenegger accepted personal responsibility for the defeats and vowed to continue to seek consensus for the people of California.
Supreme Court later found the public employee unions' use of compulsory fundraising during the campaign had been illegal in Knox v. Service Employees International Union, Local Schwarzenegger, against the advice of fellow Republican strategists, appointed a Democrat, Susan Kennedy, as his Chief of Staff.
He gradually moved towards a more politically moderate position, determined to build a winning legacy with only a short time to go until the next gubernatorial election. Schwarzenegger ran for re-election against Democrat Phil Angelides , the California State Treasurer , in the elections , held on November 7, Despite a poor year nationally for the Republican party, Schwarzenegger won re-election with I would say center-left".
Some speculated that Schwarzenegger might run for the United States Senate in , as his governorship would be term-limited by that time. Such rumors turned out to be false. Wendy Leigh, who wrote an unofficial biography on Schwarzenegger, claims he plotted his political rise from an early age using the movie business and bodybuilding as the means to escape a depressing home.
You get together with them and you hear about policy, about reaching out to help people. I was exposed to the idea of being a public servant and Eunice and Sargent Shriver became my heroes. Kennedy , and mother-in-law to Schwarzenegger; Sargent Shriver is husband to Eunice and father-in-law to Schwarzenegger.
Schwarzenegger cannot run for president as he is not a natural-born citizen of the United States. Being Austrian and thus European, he was able to win the European Voice campaigner of the year award for taking action against climate change with the California Global Warming Solutions Act of and plans to introduce an emissions trading scheme with other US states and possibly with the EU. We invest in our people, and their ideas to ultimately build a company from scratch or to further develop one already in existence.
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